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São Paulo – the city that never sleeps

São Paulo - the city that never sleeps

São Paulo – the city that never sleeps –

São Paulo is the largest city in Latin America. With one of the five largest populations on earth, this buzzing metropolis holds a few surprises.

The most populous city proper in the Americas, São Paulo has nearly 11 million inhabitants within its limits (and more cars than Rio de Janeiro has people). People from São Paulo city are known as paulistanos, while people from the interior of the state are called paulistas. Sampa is one of the city’s nicknames.

Coffee plantation
The largest city in South America has a huge coffee plantation very near the iconic Avenida Paulista. There are about 1,500 coffee plants rooted within the Instituto Biológico in the neighborhood of Vila Mariana. Since 2006, between May and June, the Sabor da Colheita (Taste of the Harvest) event is held which marks the beginning of the coffee harvest in the entire State of São Paulo.

Traditional tribal lands
São Paulo has within its city limits an indigenous reservation of the Guarani tribe. Approximately 900 members of the tribe live in a 532-hectare region known as the Pico do Jaragua, in the Northern region of the city. In 2015 the Federal Government declared the area as a new indigenous reserve, recognizing it as traditional tribal lands.

Pizza and more pizza
Having the largest Italian community in the country, the city has more than 6,000 pizzerias that produce more than 1,000,000 pizzas per day or 720 per minute, with revenues of around R$4 billion per year. Pizza is one the favorite foods of any Paulista.

Japanese community
São Paulo is also home to the largest number of Japanese people outside of Asia. Japanese immigration to Brazil started in the early 1900s and today the community’s population is believed to be around 1.5 million. The Japanese Liberdade neighborhood is currently one of the most popular tourist spots in the city. This community has its own newspaper and many street names and storefront banners are written in Japanese. They also celebrate all the major festivities, such as Moti Tsuki, Toyo Matsuri and Tanabata Matsuri.

Amazing Avenida Paulista
Of the main landmarks of São Paulo, Avenida Paulista has been the scene of many of the city’s major events, hosting both New Years Eve celebrations as well as political demonstrations and protests. Inaugurated in 1891, the avenue runs through six neighborhoods and has a length of 2.7 km. Nearly 1.5 million people walk daily along its wide sidewalks. Approximately 1 percent of the nation’s GDP is concentrated at this avenue. The thoroughfare is said to resemble love, as it starts in the neighborhood of Paraiso (paradise) and ends in Consolacao (consolation).

Largest helicopter fleet
The city of São Paulo has the largest helicopter fleet in the world with 210 heliports in the city where approximately 1,300 aircrafts land and depart daily. Every 5 minutes, at least 4 helicopters land or take off from one of the city’s many tall buildings.

Crazy traffic jams
The capital of São Paulo also has an incredible number of cars: over seven million! With all those vehicles the city is said to have the 7th worst transit on the planet. São Paulo drivers spend about 102 hours per year in traffic jams. Dont miss the chance to visit São Paulo – the city that never sleeps

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Some curiosities about the Amazon basin

Some curiosities about the Amazon basinbout

Some curiosities about the Amazon basin – Most people understand that the Amazon is Earth’s largest rainforest, but here are some facts you should know about the Amazon.

The Amazon is the world’s biggest rainforest, larger than the next two largest rainforests — in the Congo Basin and Indonesia — combined.

At 6.9 million square kilometers (2.72 million square miles), the Amazon Basin is roughly the size of the forty-eight contiguous United States and covers some 40 percent of the South American continent.

The Amazon is found in South America, spanning across Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.

The Amazon River is by far the world’s largest river by volume, carrying more than five times the volume of the Congo or twelve times that of the Mississippi.

In 2007, a man named Martin Strel swam the entire length of the Amazon river! To complete his splashing jungle journey, Martin powered through the water for up to ten hours a day for 66 days!

The Amazon River once flowed west-ward instead of east-ward as it does today. The rise of the Andes caused it to flow into the Atlantic Ocean.

Around 400-500 indigenous Amerindian tribes call the Amazon rainforest home. It’s believed that about fifty of these tribes have never had contact with the outside world!

Nearly two-thirds of the Amazon rainforest is found in Brazil.
The Amazon is thought to have 2.5 million species of insects. More than half the species in the Amazon rainforest are thought to live in the canopy.

One fascinating fish found in the Amazon is the Pirarucu (also known as the arapaima or paiche). A menacing meat-eater, the pirarucu guzzles up other fish and can grow to nearly 3m long! And what makes it super deadly? It has teeth on the roof of its mouth and on its tongue!

70 percent of South America’s GDP is produced in areas that receive rainfall or water from the Amazon. The Amazon influences rainfall patterns as far away as the United States.

Cattle ranching accounts for roughly 70 percent of deforestation in the Amazon – This is some fabulous facts about some curiosities about the Amazon basin

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5 things about Brazilian Specialty Coffee

Coffee Story

THE WORLD’S BIGGEST PRODUCER

Brazil’s coffee production is huge. The country is responsible for about a third of coffee production globally (making it both the biggest coffee producer and exporter by far). In 2015, that totalled 36.89 million bags of 60kg. Can you imagine how many coffees that makes?

As of such, the country’s production and market behavior has a knock-on effect on international market prices, which means a drought in Brazil can lead to price increases for coffee all over the world.

AN UNDERESTIMATED FLAVOR PROFILE

Most people go to Brazil to source beans for espresso blends. And there’s nothing wrong with that. Yet this country has, time and time again, produced specialty-grade coffees.

What’s more, Brazil’s single origins aren’t just “adequate”. They’re high-quality, distinctive coffees. Usually, Brazilians possess an intense sweetness in the form of caramel and chocolate notes, big bodies, and a relatively low acidity.

This low acidity is what sometimes makes people underestimate the quality of a Brazilian cup – yet take a second sip, and you’ll find that this flavor profile is surprisingly good.

SERIOUSLY DIVERSE COFFEE

You know what we just said about Brazilian coffee being varied? We meant it. With fourteen major coffee-producing regions spread over seven states, Brazil’s beans are a diverse mix. Have a look at the information on your coffee bags; you may find that your coffee is from Minas Gerais (Sul de Minas, Cerrado Mineiro, Chapada de Minas, Matas de Minas), São Paulo (Mogiana, Centro-Oeste), Espírito Santo (Montanhas do Espírito Santo, Conilon Capixaba), Bahia (Planalto da Bahia, Cerrado da Bahia, and Atlantico Baiano), Paraná (Norte Pionerio do Paraná), Rondonia, or even Rio de Janeiro.

And with so many coffee-producing areas, you’ll find a wide range of traditional and experimental varieties being cultivated: Bourbon, Mundo Novo, Icatú, Catuaí, Iapar, Catucaí, and more.

Then there are the farms themselves, ranging from small family plantations of less than 10 hectares to big estates of more than 2000 hectares.

With so much variety, you’re sure to find a coffee you’ll love in Brazil.

SPECIALTY-GRADE NATURALS

Most Brazilian coffees are natural (unwashed) or pulped natural (semi-washed). A natural processing method means that, after the coffee cherries are picked, they are dried as they are, without removing skin or mucilage.

So why is this important? Well, natural processing is difficult to do without damaging the beans – but it can add a substantial body, sweetness, smoothness, and complexity to the coffee’s profile.

And Brazil’s climate, with scarce rainfall and long periods of sunshine, makes the country perfect for natural processing.

A COMPLEX CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM

When compared to most producing countries’ coffee classification systems, Brazil has a highly detailed one. The coffees are ranked based on screen sorting, color, and cupping. This then leads to them being rated, from best to worst, as strictly soft, soft, softish, hard, riadario, and rio zona.

Now that you know more about Brazilian coffees and their unique profiles, I’m hoping you’ll give them a chance. Whether you’re cupping, roasting, or simply choosing a coffee in a café, they have a lot to offer.

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How Brazil Got its Name

Brazil wood

How Brazil Got its Name, Brazilian people are immensely proud of their nation and hold nothing back when speaking about their love for their country. You will often hear them say, regarding anything, “it is the best in Brazil.” The beaches, the food, the women, the dancing, the football. Yet even the most patriotic Brazilian may be stumped when asked where the name of their country came from and the history behind it. The Portuguese, lead by Pedro Alvares Cabral landed on the east coast of the continent at the turn of the 16th century. In a handwritten letter to the Portugues capital, Cabral named the land, which was then part of the Portuguese Empire, Ilha da Vera Cruz, or Island of the True Cross—obviously under the false assumption that what he was exploring was an island. To stake a true commercial claim on the Land of the Holy Cross, the Portuguese government leased it to a group of Lisbon merchants to expand, explore and extract natural resources from the newly discovered territory of Portugal. One of the sought-after resources was the dark red dye that was used in Europe to color fabrics and cloth that was, until Brazil’s discovery, extracted from India at an enormous cost. This tree was known as Paubrasilia. During the merchants’ lease of Brazil, the land adopted the name of Terra do Brasil, while the native inhabitants were referred to as Brasileiros, a name which still stands today. Some Portuguese explorers, businessmen and diplomats were perturbed with the name change and their faith being replaced by the name of a tree, and said the inhabitants would be accused of being worshipers of the wood, and not the cross. Nevertheless, after many years, the name was so ingrained in the minds and mouths of the people that anything relating to Santa Cruz was forgotten, and Brazil remained instead.